As technological advancements progress, Indonesia is also making significant strides in various sectors, particularly in the realm of data management. On December 4, 2023, President Joko Widodo officially introduced and distributed electronic land certificates (“e-certificates”) nationwide at the State Palace in Jakarta. E-certificates are digital documents issued through an electronic system. They encompass information created, transmitted, received, or stored in various electronic formats such as analog, digital, electromagnetic, optical, or similar forms. This is stipulated in the Article 1 Paragraph 8 of Regulation of The Minister of Agraria and Spatial Planning/Head of The National Land Agency of The Republic of Indonesia, Number 1 of 2021, concerning Electronic Certificates.
According to Hadi Tjahjanto, the Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/Head of the National Land Agency, Indonesia is actively advancing the implementation of e-certificates, especially in designated cities that have achieved the status of a ‘complete’ regency or city. To attain this status, certain criteria must be met. Firstly, there should be no spatial overlap or conflicts between different areas on the map. Secondly, from a legal standpoint, the land plots recorded in the land book and measurement certificates must be accurately regulated in the National Land Agency (Badan Pertanahan Nasional or “BPN”) digital system. These are a number of regencies/cities that received complete honors, as follows:
- Denpasar City, Bali
- Madiun City, East Java
- Bontang City, East Kalimantan
- Tegal City, Central Java
- Surakarta City, Central Java
- Yogyakarta City, DI Yogyakarta
- Central Jakarta Administrative City, DKI Jakarta
- Badung Regency, Bali
- North Jakarta Administrative City, DKI Jakarta
- West Jakarta Administrative City, DKI Jakarta
- Bogor City, West Java
- Metro City, Lampung
The implementation of e-certificates and advanced data management systems brings substantial benefits to society. This technological innovation has been underway for an extended period, aiming to mitigate risks of loss and damage while ensuring the safeguarding of data management. According to President Joko Widodo, the government views effective data management as a means to reduce transaction costs and enhance data confidentiality and security. To guarantee the security of the entire information process, there will be The National Cyber and Crypto Agency (Badan Siber dan Sandi Negara or “BSSN”) which employs encryption technology, such as cryptography. Citizens now have access to secure and easily retrievable land information, fostering transparency and trust in governmental systems.
The Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/Head of the National Land Agency is actively participating in the digitalization of land services throughout Indonesia. The hope is to make e-certificates more inclusive, extending beyond urban areas to encompass rural development. Consequently, supporting regencies and cities across the nation in achieving the “complete” status becomes crucial for swift development. This progression holds the potential for various community benefits, including accessible data, mitigation of land issues and illegal activities, and the provision of equal land rights, ultimately fostering economic activities in these regions.
In conclusion, Indonesia’s journey in technological innovation, particularly in electronic land certificates and data management, reflects a holistic approach. Indonesia is immersing itself in the global technological landscape by addressing challenges, fostering collaborations, planning for the future, raising public awareness, and considering environmental impact.
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Author: Dewi Susanti